Chapter 5:  The Progressive Movement, 1890 – 1919


Section 1:  The Roots of Progressivism (p. 326)

  1. How did the muckrakers help spark the Progressive movement?
  2. Why did progressives want to reorganize city government?
  3. What was the impact of the Seventeenth Amendment?  What was it intended to solve?
  4. How successive were women in lobbying to achieve passage of the Nineteenth Amendment?
  5. What actions did progressives take to deal with the issue of child labor?
  6. What was the impact of Eugene Debs and the Socialist Party on the 1912 election?
  7. How did initiative, referendum, and recall change democracy in the United States?
  8. For each term or name, write a sentence explaining the significance:
    1. Progressivism
    2. Muckraker
    3. Commission plan
    4. Direct primary
    5. Initiative
    6. Legislation
    7. Referendum
    8. Recall
    9. Suffrage
    10. Strategy
    11. Funds
    12. Temperance
    13. Advocated
    14. Prohibition
    15. Socialism
    16. Jacob Riis
    17. Robert La Follette
    18. Alice Paul


Section 2:  Roosevelt in Office (p. 340)

  1. What was the purpose of the Interstate Commerce Commission, and how successful was it?
  2. How did Roosevelt’s policies help protect the health of consumers and conservation of natural resources?
  3. How did Upton Sinclair contribute to involving the federal government in protecting consumers?
  4. For each term or name, write a sentence explaining the significance:
    1. Trigger
    2. Arbitration
    3. Issue
    4. Environmental
    5. Square Deal
    6. Northern Securities
    7. United Mine Workers
    8. Hepburn Act
  5. How was the Yosemite Valley formed? (p. 347)
  6. How did the establishment of the national park system help to conserve natural resources? (p.347)

Section 3:  The Taft Administration (p. 348)

  1. What problems did President Taft have with progressives on tariff issues?
  2. How did President Taft’s accomplishments regarding conservation and trustbusting compare to President Roosevelt’s?
  3. How did replacing Roosevelt’s secretary of the interior cause a dispute between Taft and the progressives?
  4. For each term or name, write a sentence explaining the significance:
    1. Dynamic
    2. Schemes
    3. Syndicate
    4. Insubordination
    5. Established
    6. Joseph G. Cannon
    7. Payne-Aldrich Tariff
    8. Richard Ballinger


Section 4:  The Wilson Years (p. 352)

  1. Who were the three major candidates in the presidential election of 1912?
  2. Explain why President Wilson proposed the establishment of the Federal Reserve System?
  3. What was the impact of the passage of the Sixteenth Amendment?
  4. How did the Adamson Act improve labor conditions in the United States?
  5. Why did the Supreme Court find the Keating-Owens law unconstitutional?
  6. How did progressivism change American beliefs about the federal government?
  7. For each term or name, write a sentence explaining the significance:
    1. Capacity
    2. Levying
    3. Income Tax
    4. Unfair trade practices
    5. Labor
    6. Foundation
    7. Progressive Party
    8. New Nationalism
    9. New Freedom
    10. Federal Trade Commission
    11. National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)
  8. Why does Duniway believe that women should be allowed to vote?  (p. 358-59)
  9. What does Dodge believe will happen if women are allowed to vote?
  10. Why does Wilson believe that it is important for the United States to extend the right to vote to women?