Chapter 2 Classical Civilization: China


I.            Vocabulary and Identifications

A.         Dao; yin & yang

B.          Zhou

C.         Mandate of Heaven; Sons of Heaven

D.         Confucius

E.          Qin Shi Huangdi

F.          Han; Wu Ti

G.         Legalism

H.         Daoism


II.         Chapter Review

A.         How do the Chinese and Western views of history differ?

B.          What were the innovations and achievements of the short-lived Qin dynasty?

C.         Describe the development of the Chinese state and its political institutions?

D.         What caused the rise of Confucianism?

E.          How did Confucian philosophy support the political structure in China?

F.          Why was China able to accept two different basic belief systems, Confucianism and Daoism?

G.         Describe the class structure and gender relations in classical China.

H.         What intellectual and technological advancements did imperial China make?


III.      Map Exercises

Map 2.1: China from the Later Zhou Era to the Han Era (p.37)

1.           How did physical geography contribute to Chinese isolation?

2.           China calls itself Chung Kuo or the Middle Kingdom, the land at the center of the civilized world. How would geography have contributed to this belief?

3.           What policies and technologies would have been necessary to control and to unify the geographically large Chinese state?


IV.       Document Analysis

A.         Read and do SOAPS-tone on Teachings of the Rival Chinese Schools (p.42).

B.          Answer questions at the end.


V.          Thesis Writing

Compare and contrast Daoist, Confucian, and Legalist approaches to solving social disruptions and ineffective and corrupt government.