-Form of government is parliament monarchy.
-Head of state is the monarch.
-Head of government is the prime minister.
-Legislature is bicameral legislature
-The congress of deputies is 350 deputies and 255 senators.
-Voting qualifications is that you have to be 18 or over.
-The highest court is the Supreme Court of Justice Constitutional Court.
-The armed services include Army, Navy, and Air force200,700 troops. Must be atleast 18.
-The political divisions are 50 provinces and 17 regions.
Following death of Francisco Franco y Bahamonde in
November 1975, King Juan Carlos de Borbon engineered transition to democracy that resulted in transformation of dictatorial regime into pluralistic, parliamentary democracy. Prior to the advent of participatory democracy, there was little political involvement by citizens.
Regional Politics: In addition to major national parties and their regional affiliates, political party system included many regional parties that participated in regional elections and, in the case of the larger parties, also in national elections. Most prominent mainstream parties were Basque Nationalist Party and Convergence and Union a Catalan party. Catalan parties generally pragmatic and moderate, but some Basque parties regarded as extremist and leftist with ties to terrorist organizations.
Foreign Relations: Traditionally they were isolated from mainstream European affairs. Neutral in both world wars and patrinized early rule of Franco because of Franco's Fascist ties and dictatorial regime. But because of strategic location at western entrance to Mediterranean, drawn into United States orbit during Cold War. Signed defense agreement with United States in 1953, subsequently renewed at regular intervals. Nevertheless, latent anti-Americanism persisted. Also permitted to join United Nations.