Sor Juana Ines de
By Carmen Garsia
Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz was born
in Mexico, in 1684. As a child she was hungry for knowledge.
She would sneak away to follow her sisters to school and convince
the teacher to give her reading leasons. But when her mother
found out about her daughters lessons, she ended it. By the time
Juana was six, she could read every book in her grandfather's
library. When she was ten her grandfather died and she had to
go live with her wealthy aunt and uncle. There they hired her
a Latin teacher. In ten to eleven leesons, she knew everything
he did. So she began to do her studying alone.
When Juana was a teenager , she was
taken to meet the viceroy, Mexico' governer. His wife was very
impressed by Juana. She asked her if she would stay and become
a servant in their home. While she staied there she was given
books to read from Spain and met important people at parties.
She was also ask to write poetr, and plays that were performed.As
the governor's reign came to an end, she was forced to choose
Inthe seventeenth century, a women
did not have much choices. They could get married or join a convent.
juana could marry, but it would put an end to her education,
so she joined the convent. The first convent she attended was
a nightmare. It had minimal food, little sleep, and forced self-administered
whipping. She soon left. Later, she had recovered, she was encouraged
to take up religious life. Juana was told about another convent
that had sernents and few responsibility.
In the convents she was not allowed
to leave, but she was allowed to have visitors. Many important
people came to visit her. She was Kown as a briliant women. She
became very famous. She wrote many thing that went against the
clergy. She was critizied for her writin
One of her most vocal critics was
Francisco de Aguiar. He was a woman hater. He priase God for
his nearsightedness because it kept him from seeing women. One
day this bishop,Santa Cruz, asked Sor Juana to write an argument
to Aguia, and she did.
Sor Juana wrote poetry also :
What Interest Have You, World, in
What interest have you, World, in
Wherein do I offend you, when all I want
Is to give beauty to my mind
And not my mind to beautiful things?
I do not care for goods or treasures;
and so am always more content
To endow my thoughts with riches
Rather than riches with my thoughts.
And I esteem not looks, which age
Takes away in civil stealth,
Nor am I impressed by wealth,
Holding that in truth 'tis better
To expend the vanities of life
Than to expend one's life in vanities.
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