Charles Martel
688-741, Frankish ruler, illegitimate son of Pepin of
Heristal and grandfather of Charlemange. Although never
king, he ruled as mayor of the palace (714-41). He united
all Merovingian kingdoms under his rule and halted the
European invasion of the Moors. His sons, Pepin the Short
and Carloman, divided the Frankish lands at his death.