from the book: Inca Civilization


Before the 12th Century: Founding of the Inca dynasty by Manco Capac. A egendary period

End of the 12th Century to Beginning of the 13th Century: Yupanqui Kingdom. Neighboring peoples are subdued.

Beginning of 14th Century: War with Chancas Indians. Reign of Inca-Roca.

14th Century: Kingdom of Yahuar-Huacoc, who was forced to abdicate after defeat by the Chancas.

Beginning of 15th Century: Kingdom of the Inca Viracocha. The war with the Chancas continues. The Inca Empire expands farther to the north and south.

1438-1471 (?): Reign of Inca Pachacutec, who finally defeats the Chancas. Inca sovereignty is recognized from teh Andean plateau to the Pacific coast.

After 1471: Reign of Tupac Yupanqui. The empire is at its height.

Beginning of the 16th Century: Kingdom of the last grand Inca, Huayna Capac.

1530: Death of Huayna Capac. The empire is divided between his sons Atahualpa and Huaskar. Civil war begins.

1532: Capture and death of Athualpa by the Spaniards. Led by Francisco Pizarro, the Inca Empire is defeated.

1535: The Spaniards are held under siege in the city of Cuzco.

1572: The last Inca, Tupac Amaru, is captured by the Spaniards.



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