By~ Hannah Sim
EL Salvador's flag
is the smallest nation in the Western Hemisphere. The area of
the country is similar to the state of Massachusetts. This country
is very crowded, and there are 5.2 million inhabitants, assuming
that there are 655 people per square mile. It is believed that
El Salvador's population will double within 26 years.
many different kinds of people in El Salvador. Ninety-two percent
are Mestizo, five percent Caucasion, and three percent Indians.
cLicK hErE fOr mUsIc~
The country is located in the tropics.
The average annual temperature is about seventy-three degrees
The rainy season is between the months of May and October.
yearly rainfall amounts are about sixty inches in the central
area and in the interior lands, and along the coast around eighty-five
In the central highlands, the climate is very healthy and steady.
the Pacific coast it is often hot and humid.
The country of El Salvador
was known as the Land of Volcanoes.
occasion, there will be destructive earthquakes and volcanic
El Salvador is the smallest Central American country.
the only Central American country that doesn't have a coastline
on the Caribbean Sea.
The country does not have
rich mineral supplies.
However, they do have
small amounts of gypsum, limestone, pumice, hydropower and geothermal
A Map of
They were highly cultured people.
They prayed to the sun and the moon, also they prayed to other
gods. For example, they prayed to the corn god and to the rain
The Maya were conquered by the Spanish in the early 1500's
The Pipils were discovered by the Spaniards when they arrived
in the sixteenth century.
didn't have as advanced a culture as the Maya.
They worshiped the corn and the rain gods and they also carried
out religious ceremonies for these gods.
They were very skilled in architecture, astronomy, and crafts
such as weaving, pottery, stone carving, and making gold and silver
Salvador has is a strong religious society.
The religion, Catholicism, is the most prominent religion in El
eighty percent of Salvadorons are Catholic.
The church services support variety of people that are poor or
the people who were displaced from their community.
of El Salvador
El Salvador has
only recently ended a terrible civil war that cost the nation
dearly. El Salvador's civil war spread into other parts of Central
America, too. Thousands of Salvadoran peasants fled to Honduras
to escape the terror from fighting between the FMLN guerrillas
and the army. It is estimated that about two million Salvadorans
live outside the country, having been displaced by the civil war.
The war in El Salvador
had two levels. The first level was the war between the military
and the FMLN and its supporters. Then the other level was called
the "sinister level", using death squads. The death squads were paramilitary
troops. Their job was to terrorize the population so that they
would be afraid to support the FMLN. For them to accomplish this
goal, they marched to the countryside and killed members of the
peasantry at random. Most of the time the military would come
into their house during the night and take away one or more family
members. The number of FMLN people killed was twenty thousand.
The common place
the death squads will target was the Church. The most famous attack
by the death squads were in December of 1980. There was four churchwomen from the
U.S. who helped a good deed to the peasantry, the death squads
raped and murdered them because of their work.
Then finally, after
thirteen years of war, the peace was negotiated in El Salvador
in 1993. For the most part the activities of the death squads
were stopped, however there is still violence going on.
on the bullets to see the clips:
A movie/picture collage of El Salvador
woman shares her terrifying story of survival
Brief summary of the situation in El Salvador
that came to town to kill
~ New Year's
~ New Year's
~ Day of
the Virgen de Fatima........May 13
of El Salvador del Mundo........August 3-6
~ All Souls'
of 1st Call for Independence........November 5
~ Day of
the Virgen de Guadalupe........December 12
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