El Salvador

By~ Hannah Sim


EL Salvador's flag



El Salvador is the smallest nation in the Western Hemisphere. The area of the country is similar to the state of Massachusetts. This country is very crowded, and there are 5.2 million inhabitants, assuming that there are 655 people per square mile. It is believed that El Salvador's population will double within 26 years.

There are many different kinds of people in El Salvador. Ninety-two percent are Mestizo, five percent Caucasion, and three percent Indians.


cLicK hErE fOr mUsIc~




The Climate~

The country is located in the tropics.

The average annual temperature is about seventy-three degrees .

The rainy season is between the months of May and October.

The yearly rainfall amounts are about sixty inches in the central area and in the interior lands, and along the coast around eighty-five inches.

In the central highlands, the climate is very healthy and steady.

Along the Pacific coast it is often hot and humid.


Natural Hazards~

The country of El Salvador was known as the Land of Volcanoes.

On occasion, there will be destructive earthquakes and volcanic eruptions.


El Salvador is the smallest Central American country.

It's the only Central American country that doesn't have a coastline on the Caribbean Sea.


Natural Resources~

The country does not have rich mineral supplies.

However, they do have small amounts of gypsum, limestone, pumice, hydropower and geothermal energy.


A Map of El Salvador~





The Mayans~

They were highly cultured people.

They prayed to the sun and the moon, also they prayed to other gods. For example, they prayed to the corn god and to the rain god.


The Maya were conquered by the Spanish in the early 1500's


The Pipils~

The Pipils were discovered by the Spaniards when they arrived in the sixteenth century.

They didn't have as advanced a culture as the Maya.

They worshiped the corn and the rain gods and they also carried out religious ceremonies for these gods.

They were very skilled in architecture, astronomy, and crafts such as weaving, pottery, stone carving, and making gold and silver items.





El Salvador has is a strong religious society.

The religion, Catholicism, is the most prominent religion in El Salvador.

About eighty percent of Salvadorons are Catholic.

The church services support variety of people that are poor or the people who were displaced from their community.


The Terror of El Salvador

El Salvador has only recently ended a terrible civil war that cost the nation dearly. El Salvador's civil war spread into other parts of Central America, too. Thousands of Salvadoran peasants fled to Honduras to escape the terror from fighting between the FMLN guerrillas and the army. It is estimated that about two million Salvadorans live outside the country, having been displaced by the civil war.

The war in El Salvador had two levels. The first level was the war between the military and the FMLN and its supporters. Then the other level was called the "sinister level", using death squads. The death squads were paramilitary troops. Their job was to terrorize the population so that they would be afraid to support the FMLN. For them to accomplish this goal, they marched to the countryside and killed members of the peasantry at random. Most of the time the military would come into their house during the night and take away one or more family members. The number of FMLN people killed was twenty thousand.

The common place the death squads will target was the Church. The most famous attack by the death squads were in December of 1980. There was four churchwomen from the U.S. who helped a good deed to the peasantry, the death squads raped and murdered them because of their work.

Then finally, after thirteen years of war, the peace was negotiated in El Salvador in 1993. For the most part the activities of the death squads were stopped, however there is still violence going on.



Click on the bullets to see the clips:


A movie/picture collage of El Salvador

A woman shares her terrifying story of survival

A Brief summary of the situation in El Salvador

Soldiers that came to town to kill



Holidays and Festivals


~ New Year's Eve........December 31

~ New Year's Day........January 1

~ Palm Sunday.......March/April

~Easter Sunday........March/April

~ Labor Day........May 1

~ Day of the Virgen de Fatima........May 13

~ Festival of El Salvador del Mundo........August 3-6

~ Independence Day........September 15

~ Columbus Day........October 12

~ All Souls' Day........November 2

~ Anniversary of 1st Call for Independence........November 5

~ Day of the Virgen de Guadalupe........December 12

~ Christmas........December 25-31



LiNks pAgE -- cReDits pAge



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