The Conquest Of Peru

By: Ryan Faggioni

The Conquest of Peru lasted twenty seven years, between 1522 - 1549. The Conquest Of Peru was led by Franciso Pizarro.When Pizarro's team of 167 soldiers marched, messages were sent to King Atahualpa of the Incas. The Inca civilization existed along the Pacific coast and the Andes of what is today Ecuador, Peru, Chile, and Bolivia. The Incas lacked iron, the wheel, and written language, but they were just as sophisticated as the other countries and civilizations in Europe at the time.


Francisco Pizarro

Pizarro was the Spanish conquistador who led the Spanish against the Incas. There were three voyages to find the Incas which were made in 1522, 1524, and 1526. The first three were unsuccessful because ocean currents and marine routing at the time were too strong and long. Pizarro and Diego de Almargo searched Peru for the "fabled" Incas. In 1532 Pizarro met King Atahualpa whom he later held prisoner. Pizarro demanded a ransom of Inca treasures. After Pizarro and Almagro received the treasures- tons of gold and other precious objects, they put Atahualpa to death.


The Inca Empire...

In 1531 the Incan Empire was an unknown place. As soon as Pizarro found the Incas it wasn't surprising when he wanted to overthrow them. Civil wars had began among the Incas in 1525 after the death of Huyana Capac. Within the Inca civilization there was a war between two half brothers- Huascan and Atahualpa. This war was called "The War of Succession".


Civil Wars...

Civil wars in the conquest lasted from 1535 to 1548. The original wars were mostly originated from Francisco Pizarro and Diego de Almagro which were fought for the following:

> Rich Vs. Poor

>Established Vs. Newly Arrived


> Rebels Vs. Royalists

Civil wars eventually led to The New Laws of 1542 which gave restrictions on encomiencias and encomenderos.

Spanish Society...

During the civil war period ( above ), Spanish civil society began to establish. Spanish towns and capitals such as Tumbes, Cajamarca, Lima, Quito, and Piura were founded. Social and economic structure grew- merchants, farmers, and artisans. Amazingly, by 1560 there were more African slaves than Spaniards in Peru because of the need for cheap labor in the fields and in the rich mines.










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